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Many countries of the MENA region are currently experiencing processes of institutional change, constitutional transitions as well as political reforms. The development of these processes is not homogeneous throughout the region. In Tunisia, both the political situation and the path towards restoring democratic institutions and the rule of law remain uncertain, as the country is already facing a fragile socio-economic context. In Libya, the postponement of the elections and subsequent political developments have opened a new and unpredictable phase of the stabilization process. Meanwhile, Iraq is at a political impasse. As the government formation limps, the country is stuck between frictions and disputes over the demands of prominent political leaders. In Jordan, the recently approved constitutional amendments may have an impact on the country’s political system and institutional balance.
From Tunis to Baghdad, what are the main challenges for the development of institution-building processes? What do these challenges indicate in terms of political transitions and civil society participation? What are the prospects for the further development of the legitimate institution and the real prospects for reforms?
Dlawer Ala’Aldeen, President, Middle East Research Institute
Monica Marks, Professor, NYU Abu Dhabi
Tarek Megerisi, Senior Policy Fellow, ECFR
Samar Muhareb, CEO, Arab Renaissance for Democracy and Development
Karim Mezran, Senior Associate Research Fellow, ISPI; Director of the North Africa Initiative, Rafik Hariri Center, Atlantic Council