This panel will provide the opportunity to discuss the main challenges and prospects regarding security sector governance in the MENA region by drawing upon the key findings of the report “Institutionalized (in)security? Exploring the MENA Region’s Governance Crisis” jointly published by ISPI and DCAF. More specifically, the report found, among other elements, that in the region’s post-conflict environments, progressively weakened institutions struggle to operate and deliver effective security services. Indeed, in many countries affected by war, insecurity and socio-political instability, the widening governance deficit in the security realm often stems from a structural lack of transparency and accountability or an insufficient capacity to meet communities’ needs and expectations of safety. In such contexts, hybrid and non-state actors are often able to fill power vacuums in the security sector, with significant repercussions on the nature and functioning of security institutions. Against this backdrop, the goal of this panel will be to highlight these issues and launch a discussion regarding their implications in the MENA region by providing a mix of international, multilateral, technical and academic perspectives.