Seven years into the conflict, the future of Syria still remains undefined. Despite the fact that the Islamic State has been defeated, while the Syrian regime has increasingly recovered strength and ground, the struggle for control of portions of the country, sectarianism and violence continue to fuel the war. Conflicting interests of different local players and external actors further contribute to fomenting the chaos. Once again, the April 14 US, British and French strikes aimed at hitting the Syrian regime’s chemical weapons capacity, demonstrated that the future of Syria is in the hands of many. Starting from an evaluation of the key issues that can explain the situation on the ground and the evolution of current dynamics, the workshop aims to stimulate debate among policy planners, officials and experts on a long-term arrangement for Syria.