Building Back Better: Women’s Economic Empowerment During Covid-19 and Beyond
The COVID-19 pandemic has been a shock to societies and economies everywhere, exposing the important role women play both on the frontlines and at home, as well as the structural inequalities they and others face.
Though this is the case, many healthcare services and sector-related training are not available to all in an equitable manner around the world – this negatively impacts both individuals and countries’ overall response to the pandemic. Therefore, developing quality health systems that are affordable and accessible to all should be the primary objective for all governments. One of the greatest, but most overlooked, solutions to solve these challenges is the empowerment of women.
Among the recommendations directed towards governments and policymakers for ensuring the involvement of women within health processes, the following could be mentioned:
• Women’s inclusion in COVID-19 recovery taskforces around the world, and at every stage of policy decision-making process both in government and in the private sector
• Investing in accessible, affordable quality healthcare for all: States must implement universal, publicly financed health systems that cover their entire population – not only for COVID-19 services but for all essential services.
• Support the development of women-owned businesses in all countries within the healthcare sector
The achievement of women’s empowerment requires nations to invest in their social infrastructure, from education to healthcare, allowing for an increase in employment, earnings, economic growth, and gender equality. Such investments would chip away at some of the barriers that have hindered women’s full participation in economic activity, consequently incentivizing a faster socio-economic recovery from the pandemic.
This forum will focus on the following questions:
• What implications has the Coronavirus outbreak had on women’s health across the world and in the MENA region?
• How should the region’s gendered disparities within the healthcare sector be addressed?
• What measures and policies should governments implement to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 on women?
• How can women’s experience and expertise drive economic recovery in the post-pandemic era?
Conflicts, Migration and Covid-19 in the MENA Region: What Role for Women in Peacebuilding?
2020 marks the 20th anniversary of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325, on Women, Peace and Security, which puts women at the forefront of global peace and security efforts. This year, women in peacekeeping and different leadership positions are playing an essential role in containing and preventing the spread of Covid-19 in their communities and countries. Nevertheless, women still make up only 17% of mediators and 13% of negotiators worldwide. Women are also underrepresented in positions of political leadership: today there are only 21 female Heads of State and Government, and only 14 countries have a national cabinet where women account for at least 50% of members. The exclusion of women from conflict prevention and efforts to promote global security is even more tangible in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).
Ongoing political violence and instability have often led tensions in the MENA region to erupt in all-out military conflicts, as in Syria and Yemen. Hostilities have led to large-scale migrations, both within countries and across borders. Of the approximately 80 million forcibly displaced people across the world, the largest number on record, 19% come from the MENA region, including 2.7 million refugees and 10.3 million internally displaced people. The vulnerability of these individuals has been further exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. This is especially the case for female migrants, who are often disproportionately exposed to the consequences of crises.
In this complex scenario, women, especially female migrant networks, are the invisible drivers of peace and stability. They play a fundamental role in healing the wounds of conflict and weaving together the new fabric of a community, keeping it from tearing at the seams. Thus, due to the amplified vulnerability of those affected by conflict as a result of the pandemic, it is more important than ever before for women to be at the forefront of peacekeeping missions.
This forum will focus on the following questions:
• Given that instability and conflict are some of the main drivers of migration and displacement in the MENA region, what role can women play in building sustainable peace and stabilising the region?
• What are the added strains of the Covid-19 pandemic to women peacekeepers and in position of leadership in the MENA region
• How are restrictive social norms and a gendered analysis of crises hampering a sustainable and all-inclusive response to the pandemic in fragile settings?
3:00-4:00 pm (CET)
Elisabetta Belloni, Secretary General, Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
and International Cooperation, Italy
BUILDING BACK BETTER:
WOMEN’S ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT DURING COVID-19 AND BEYOND
Ilaria Capua, Director, One Health Center of Excellence, University of Florida, USA
Ranieri Guerra, Assistant Director-General, WHO
Andreas Schaal, Director Global Relations, OECD
Nadia Shahin, General Manager, Kawar Group, Jordan
Chair: Marta Dassù, Senior Advisor European Affairs and Editor-in-chief of Aspenia, Aspen Institute Italia; President, Women Empower the World – WE, Italy
4:00-5:00 pm (CET)
CONFLICTS, MIGRATION AND COVID-19 IN THE MENA REGION:
WHAT ROLE FOR WOMEN IN PEACEBUILDING?
Stephanie Williams, Acting Special Representative of the Secretary-General (ASRSG) for Libya and Head of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (invited)
Ouided Bouchamaoui, Nobel Peace Prize 2015 (co-laureate); Past President, Utica, Tunisia
Carmela Godeau, Regional Director, MENA Region, IOM
Begoña Lasagabaster, Country Representative in Tunisia and Libya, UN Women
Chair: Gianluca Alberini, Principal Director for the United Nations and Human Rights, Directorate General for Political Affairs and Security, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Italy
Marina Sereni, Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Italy