Ten years ago, the Libyan citizens took to the streets to protest the Gaddafi regime. In the following years, the country became the battleground of political competition between regional and international powers that exploited local rivalries to advance their interests. Nowadays, Libya still lacks functioning institutions to provide efficient services and fairly distribute hydrocarbons revenues to citizens. While severe issues remain, other developments give rise to cautious optimism. Notably, the two warring parties established a truce in the last months. The current stalemate opens a window of opportunity for de-escalating the conflict. Still, to reach a workable agreement, essential issues need to be addressed. What can local and international actors learn from previous mistakes? Can the ongoing negotiations provide a viable path to a workable future? How can the international community play a constructive role in supporting the country?
- Libya 10 Years After the 2011 Revolution: A Democratic Transition Unfulfilled | Karim Mezran, Atlantic Council Rafik Hariri Center, and Alice Alunni, Independent scholar
- Old Rules, New Rulers: The Social Contract in Libya | Tarek Megerisi, ECFR
- The Long Road to Economic Recovery in Libya | Tarik M. Yousef, The Brookings Doha Center
- Libya: Ten Years of Compounding Security Sector Hybridity | Emadeddin Badi, DCAF
- Libya: Too Many Leaks in the Boat Headed for Peace | Federica Saini Fasanotti, ISPI and The Brookings Institution
- United We Should Stand: Europe and the Libyan Quagmire | Arturo Varvelli, ECFR, and Matteo Colombo, ISPI and ECFR
- The Second Civil War in Libya, a Timeline