Normalization Israel – Gulf
On October 19 an Etihad plane landed at the Ben Gurion Airport in Tel Aviv, being the first passenger flight between the UAE and Israel. The day before, in Manama, an Israeli delegation established formal diplomatic relations with Bahrain.
- Brookings Doha Center: What Normalization?
- Carnegie MEC: What Would Happen If Israel and Saudi Arabia Established Official Relations?
US policy in the MENA region
On October 19 the US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had a call with Lebanese President Aoun; in the same day, US officials announced that the Trump Administration is close to an agreement with Sudan in order to remove Khartoum from the US list of state sponsors of terrorism. Less than a month before the US elections, the Trump administration is playing its last cards in the MENA region.
- ECFR: Trump or Biden: Three ways to make Europe matter in the Middle East
- PCNS: After Trump
- Atlantic Council: Sudan is removed from the terror list. Now what?
On October 18, the 13-years conventional arms embargo on Iran expired, as envisaged in UN Resolution 2231. During the last months, the UN Security Council rejected the US proposal to extend the embargo.