Referendum in Algeria
On November 1, Algerians voted in a referendum to approve the new constitution. With this reform, the government tried to neutralize protests, but the Hirak movement has called Algerians to boycott the vote, accusing authorities not to propose a real change. In the meantime, the country is facing a new increase in COVID-19 cases that may undermine authorities’ efforts to revitalize the economy and appease protesters’ demands for jobs, socio-economic inclusion and greater freedoms.
- Brookings Institution: Will COVID-19 reshape Algeria’s political system?
On October 30, the Libyan government spokesman announced Libyan Prime Minister Fayez Al-Serraj’s decision to withdraw his resignations and remain in power until intra-Libyans talks come to an end. Days before, the Libyan High Council of State asked Serraj to avoid a political vacuum in Tripoli.
- Elcano Royal Institute: Libya, energy, and the Mediterranean’s new ‘Great Game’
- Al Sharq Forum: The Distribution of Oil Incomes and the Danger of the Partition of Libya
- Atlantic Council: For Turkey, the Libyan conflict and the eastern Mediterranean are inextricably linked
While almost all the EU Member States are facing the second wave of the Covid-19 pandemic, in the southern shore of the Mediterranean too governments are trying to preserve and revive their fragile economies.
- MERI: How a Fragile Iraq Is Facing the Covid-19 Challenge
- Atlantic Council: The impact of COVID-19 on either shore of the Mediterranean
After French authorities announced that the author of the recent terrorist attack in Nice is a 20-years old Tunisian arrived in Italy by boat last September, irregular migration once again became the focus of public debate. Italian Minister of Interior Luciana Lamorgese rejected any responsibilities of the Italian reception system. These polemics came a month after the President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen presented the New Pact on Migration.
- Royal Institute Elcano: Refugees welcome? Cross-European public opinion on asylum seekers following the 2015 crisis
- European University Institute: Migration in West and North Africa and across the Mediterranean: trends, risks, development and governance
The role of the EU in the Mediterranean
The substantial economic and humanitarian crisis that several Mediterranean countries are facing led many experts to reflect upon the role the EU could play in countries such as Tunisia, Lebanon or Syria.